Right now, there is a heated presidential race going on in the United States and of course abortion has been discussed by the different candidates’ according to their values and plans, but this isn’t the only time abortion has been up for debate in the country. In fact, the facts surrounding the abortion debate are always floating around, and the debate itself is never ending.
Since there are two entirely different sides to the idea of abortion, it seems like there will forever be a push and pull of ideas and opinions passing back and forth between pro-abortion and anti-abortion individuals.
Because the issue of abortion elicits arguably strong emotions from either side of the debate, it stands to reason that there is no right or wrong side of the issue, but that there are so many facts to consider when deciding on one’s own opinion regarding the serious debate of abortion.
Granted, some people might already have strong opinions one way or another, but regardless, there are plenty of facts to know about the abortion debate that is ongoing, whether there’s a presidential race or not.
It’s about more than just personal opinions and religious beliefs, since there is a lot more to the abortion debate than that, but both of those facets do play a huge role, since they are the driving forces for the views of some when it comes to the topic of abortion. These facts are just some of the more important ones to consider and remember about the abortion debate.
15 Is Abortion Based On Genetic Abnormalities Discrimination?
For some women, their decision to have an abortion is fueled by the fact that they are told their baby will be born with a genetic defect or abnormality that they worry would negatively affect the child’s life forever. And using this as a reason to go through with an abortion could, in some cases, be considered a form of discrimination.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 states that everyone, even those born with mental disabilities, are deserving of a live of civil rights and liberties. For those who are pro-life and anti-abortion, this extends to the unborn citizens of the United States as well.
Between 1989 and 2005, due to the amount of abortions which were performed because of the unborn babies having Down syndrome, the population overall of those with Down syndrome actually decreased by 15 percent.
14 A Fetus Can’t Feel Pain Until After 26 Weeks
In a 2010 review from Britain's Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, it was concluded that since the cortex is needed to feel pain and fetuses do not develop one yet at up to 26 weeks, they cannot feel pain during an abortion procedure.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supported this claim by agreeing that since there is no known evidence to support the idea that a fetus in the womb will feel the pain, there is no reason to declare that it absolutely will.
The support behind this claim of those who are pro-abortion is that the development in a fetus is still so early even at around 26 weeks, so the chances of feeling pain would be minimal, if not impossible all together. Still, those who are anti-abortion continue to view life beginning at conception, rather than birth, so an abortion at any point during a pregnancy is unacceptable to them.
13 Mental Problems That Result From A Forced Pregnancy
Some of the reasons women give for having abortions is that they are emotionally and mentally unprepared for motherhood or that, because their pregnancy is the result of a rape, they don’t feel they can properly raise the product of that crime.
While both of these personal reasons are plenty legitimate, simply being denied the right to have an abortion can leave women feeling more angry than relieved and more let down than suddenly hopeful. And studies by both Studies by the American Psychological Association and the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges concluded that there is no direct correlation between being mentally unstable and having abortions.
Not only are women who are denied the opportunity to have abortions left feeling upset, but they are also made to feel a certain amount of guilt that can wear on anyone. In cases of incestuous rape, these women can feel exposed and scared to have the child, let alone be capable of caring for the child for 18 years.
12 Is It A Religious Debate?
This is probably one of the more popular sides of the pro-life debate regarding abortion. Since religious-driven people often believe that birth control goes against the Bible, the idea of abortion goes with that, as abortion could be considered a form of birth control, in a roundabout way.
But since religious individuals also see abortion as murder and the Bible is clear about the sin or murder, they don’t condone what they see as the murder of another human being. And in this case, an unborn fetus. Which is why the topic of abortion and religion becomes such a hot button argument on one side of the abortion debate.
It is believed that Jeremiah 1:5 is the passage which states this in the Bible with, "Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee..."
11 Pro-Choice Might Consider It A Choice
A common argument on the side of those who are pro-choice in the abortion debate is that since the unborn baby is growing inside of the woman, in her body, then it should be her decision what happens to it. That includes whether she aborts the fetus or not.
In the 1992 supreme court case, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor wrote that "The ability of women to participate equally in the economic and social life of the Nation has been facilitated by their ability to control their reproductive lives."
By that, O’Connor meant that in order for women to be equal members of society, they should also have equal reign over their bodies and what they do with their bodies. Some might argue that women have control over their bodies no matter what, but when it comes to abortion, those who are pro-abortion are firm in the desire to keep this aspect their choice.
10 Is Abortion Murder?
While some with pro-life stances feel that abortion is murder, via their religious beliefs, others who aren’t even religiously inclined may tend to feel that abortion is murder. To these people, life begins at conception – not at birth and not at a certain point in the development of the fetus.
So regardless of any religious connotations, some of these pro-lifers will vehemently claim that abortion is murder and thus, one of the reasons why they fail to see the importance of its allowance in the medical field and for women to be able to schedule such procedures to be done to their bodies.
French geneticist Jerome Lejeune stated that “To accept the fact that after fertilization has taken place a new human has come into being is no longer a matter of taste or opinion... The human nature of the human being from conception to old age is not a metaphysical contention, it is plain experimental evidence,” further supporting the idea that birth does begin at conception.
9 Abortion Is A "Fundamental Right"
The famous 1973 supreme court case of Roe v. Wade was about the final legalization of abortions and the right to keep abortions legal in the United States. The case declared that the Constitution is what has given citizens the right to an appropriate amount of privacy, and that that privacy should extend to the medical world for individuals.
The court ruled that “This right of privacy... is broad enough to encompass a woman's decision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy.” Although Roe v. Wade ruled that abortion is a “fundamental right” for all women, it still hasn’t stopped the ongoing debate of abortion.
True, abortions are still legal in every sense of the word, but that hasn’t stopped those who are pro-life from continually protesting the ruling. In fact protests in an "us against them" mentality is often what fuels the abortion debate and the two sides that remain in the issue.
8 Why People Don’t Believe In Roe vs Wade
Roe v. Wade was instrumental in making abortion legal and available for women who want it, regardless of what the doctor’s personal views may be. The case cited the fact that the Constitution grants these women a certain level of privacy that should be upheld if she wishes to have such a procedure.
But U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Antonin Scalia, said that Roe v. Wade and its points about having the right to privacy have nothing to do with the Constitution. Individuals with similar views tend to believe that the Constitution and the question of keeping abortions legal or banning them have nothing to do with the other.
Therefore, although Roe v. Wade is very real, these people typically don’t believe in it or its ruling. Granted, the case has been done and over with for decades and still remains a fact, plenty of individuals are quick to protest its ruling.
7 A Fetus Who May Live With Health Complications
On the flip side, those who believe their child’s quality of life won’t be as high or who will live with challenges too great, find that abortion gives them the opportunity to save their baby, in a way, from a life that they see as one full of hardships.
Aside from developmental delays, this could pertain to serious physical abnormalities or ailments that the fetus might grow up to overcome, but who the prospective parents worry might live a life in pain and hooked up to various machines.
Being able to choose whether or not they abort their fetus because of such ailments is a woman’s right, since it is her body, but many who are pro-life and anti-abortion sometimes see it as just another cop out. To some, it's another excuse for those on the pro-abortion spectrum, but for others, it's another part of women having the right to choose.
6 Does Life Begin At Conception, Not At Birth?
Scientifically speaking, the development of the fetus begins once the sperm fertilizes the egg and a zygote is formed. A Senate Judiciary Subcommittee recently met to discuss whether or not conception does begin at birth, as many pro-lifers tend to use as a huge argument in their case.
Professor of pediatrics and obstetrics at the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Alfred M. Bongioanni, stated that in his findings, he believes that life begins at the very beginning of conception. He went on to point out that just as a child is still a child before he or she enters the stage of puberty, a fetus is still a child regardless of whether or not it is born.
Instead, according to Bongioanni, a fetus inside of a pregnant woman is just another stage of life. Not all people agree on this however, as some think of the early stages of the fetus as just a sack of developing cells and not consciousness or what would be considered "life."
5 Is Abortion A Form Of Birth Control?
There are plenty of birth control options out there right now. There are several different brands of birth control pills, there is a shot, IUDs, and a patch, as well as birth control that is placed by an ob gyn. Basically, there is no shortage of birth control and there won’t be any time soon. New developments are being made everyday, and technology is advancing what we know and understand about the human body.
In the event that someone gets pregnant and finds that they aren’t prepared for a baby, they might see abortion as their only way out of their situation. But some of these patients end up using abortion as a form of birth control in itself and that isn’t healthy for the female body by far.
The physical toll that one abortion takes on the body is more than hard enough for most women. They will often need a few days' bed rest in order to feel closer to normal and vaginal bleeding.
4 Abortion Could Aid In Reducing Crime
In the Quarterly Journal of Economics, Steven D. Levitt, PhD wrote that legalizing abortion has been able to reduce some crime statistics. Apparently, roughly 18 years after abortion was legalized in the United States, crime rates began to drop. This could be directly correlated to the end of unwanted pregnancies and fewer neglected or abused children.
The reason, according to Levitt, was that in his findings, women who went through with pregnancies they didn’t want would go on to unsuccessfully raise their children, who would in turn grow up to get into trouble and be generally rebellious. To the same tune, according to the study, women who chose when to have their children would also have more control and concern over how the child was brought up.
Of course the crime stats could be merely coincidental, since plenty of single mothers who raise unexpected babies end up raising them into fine adults.
3 Legal Abortion Means Less Chance Of Botched Abortions
Before 1973, abortions were illegal, which forced many women to find other means by which to abort the fetuses in their bodies. These resulted in more harm to their bodies, which sometimes resulted in excessive bleeding and death with at-home abortions performed by themselves. These are usually the most dangerous abortions.
Because of these unsafe, unsanitary and totally unorthodox abortions these women were performing themselves or having performed on them by untrained individuals, thousands of cases per year cited complications from these abortion attempts which, in some case, led to death for these women. Keeping abortion legal means that these types of conditions will not return.
The availability of safe, clean clinics in which to go through with the procedure can be the difference between infections that lead to worse conditions and recovering in a normal way. Not to mention getting appropriate after care and ensuring that the woman's fertility is mostly kept in tact with legal abortions.
2 Pregnancy And The Responsibility Of Parenthood
It makes enough sense. Someone has sex, they get pregnant, they deal with that consequence, have the baby and move on. For some, it’s as simple as that and they embrace the challenge. For others, they see abortion as the way out of the situation that they may not be mentally prepared for in any capacity.
Those who are pro-life, though, will argue that getting pregnant simply mean that, whether the person likes it or not, they are about to be a parent and therefore should take full responsibility and allow the pregnancy to progress normally. They believe that being pregnant comes with a non-negotiable responsibility of parenthood. Again, this is typically for those who are pro-life, while pro-choice individuals would likely see things differently.
Those on the pro-life side of the abortion debate will typically agree that a parent who is newly pregnant has a certain unavoidable responsibility, whether they are ready for it or not.
1 Should A Baby Be Born If It's Unwanted?
Of course everyone would love to believe that every baby and every pregnancy is wanted, but the truth is, there will be extenuating circumstances that make it next to impossible for some to go through with their pregnancies.
And to add to their argument in favor of their choice, they might point out that if the child isn’t going to be taken care of and will likely be in an unsafe or poor environment, then that fetus shouldn’t be carried to term. Another argument in this category would be that if a parent doesn't think they can care for a baby or will neglect it in some way, adoption is a viable option.
Whether this is “right” or “wrong” is not the issue, but the ideas that some (not necessarily all) of those who are pro-choice have might include this idea that a baby shouldn’t be bought into the world if it is going to be neglected.