Some women will have pregnancies without issues while others will experience different issues throughout pregnancies. Each of the three trimesters may have different issues, with some being life-threatening while others are minor. These complications may affect the mother, the baby or both of them. This is actually one of the many reasons that as a pregnant woman, you should have frequent check-ups. Some of these complications can be treated with medicines while others, such as an ectopic pregnancy, require termination of the pregnancy. As there are many complications that can arise, here are 15 severe conditions that you should be aware of.
15 Chickenpox During Pregnancy
If you have chickenpox or you have interacted with someone who has the illness, you should see a health expert as soon as you can. Although you could be immune to the disease, you need to rule out any possibilities of getting it. The disease is not only a danger to you but also to your unborn baby.
14 Hypertension Disorders (High Blood Pressure)
Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the serious conditions that a pregnant woman can experience. It is so dangerous, it can lead to the death of the infant. The newborn might be too small. It can also lead to preterm delivery. Regular tests and treatments should be done throughout the pregnancy. Poor blood pressure levels are associated with many pregnancy complications.
13 Various Infections
There are many types of infections that can be harmful to your baby. Some are caused by interactions with animals, some are fungal, and others are bacterial. Seeing a health expert is the best way to rule out infections as some do not have symptoms. Washing your hands, washing fruits, and minimizing interactions with animals can help.
Protein in your urine, high blood pressure, abnormalities in your kidney and liver while pregnant may mean that you have preeclampsia. This is a serious condition to a point that you could be required to deliver earlier than your due date. Get tested when your pregnancy advances to 20 weeks. When it is severe, several body organs can be affected.
11 Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a serious condition that is common during pregnancy. The worst part of this condition is that the mother can have diabetes complications later in life and this poses a danger to the unborn child. Once you reach 24 weeks of your pregnancy, you should have a glucose screening to ensure you are safe from the disease. If you already have gestational diabetes, you can keep it under control by exercising, maintaining a healthy weight and a healthy diet.
10 Ectopic Pregnancy
An ectopic pregnancy is a serious condition as the only treatment is ending the pregnancy. This happens when the fetus starts developing outside the uterus. In most cases, it develops in a fallopian tube. If it is not detected early, it can lead to internal bleeding and a rupture of the fallopian tube. This condition can be fatal and might reduce the chances of getting pregnant again.
9 Hyperemesis Gravidarum
This is a severe morning sickness with symptoms such as electrolyte disturbance. Other symptoms include severe vomiting, confusion, fainting jaundice, as well as nausea, weight loss, and extreme fatigue. This morning sickness can be treated if it is mild. Otherwise, you will have to be admitted to a hospital until the symptoms subside.
8 Placenta Previa
There are several issues that may happen to the placenta. When the placenta is low-lying, this is a condition known as placenta previa. It can cause bleeding and block the baby’s way out. It is advisable that if you have had uterine surgery or a cesarean delivery before, get monitored throughout the pregnancy.
7 Amniotic Fluid Embolism
Amniotic fluid supports and protects your baby during development as this is where the fetus floats. Oligohydramnios is a condition where the fluid is too little. If this happens near the delivery date, labor should be induced otherwise you will be monitored closely. Fetal skin, as well as amniotic fluid and other cells, may enter your bloodstream in a condition known as an amniotic fluid embolism. In worst cases, it can be fatal.
6 Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infection, also known as a UTI, should be tested and treated early in pregnancy. This is an infection that is caused by bacteria with symptoms such as nausea, an urge to urinate, fever, back pain, burning after a short call, tiredness, urine with bad odor, pressure in the lower belly, and cloudy urine. It can be treated with antibiotics.
HIV is a serious condition if it's not well managed with medicines. Since it can be passed to the baby during delivery, pregnancy, and breastfeeding, treatment can reduce the risk. You could end up delivering a baby free of the disease. If you are positive, your baby needs to be tested to confirm the status, and you should not breastfeed once you have delivered safely.
Toxoplasmosis is a serious infection in your blood that is caused by eating undercooked or infected meat. It can also come from cat waste. The infection can lead to effects on the baby such as jaundice, mental retardation, convulsions, premature birth, fever, abnormal head size, low birth weight, as well as brain calcification, and retina abnormalities. Some of the symptoms are fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes.
Cholestasis is a liver disease that is risky as it only happens during pregnancy. Symptoms include loss of appetite, fatigue, dark urine, and severe itching of the hands and legs. It can be hereditary and affects those who've had previous liver damage, as well as those carrying multiples. Effects include still and preterm birth, as well as fetal distress.
2 Activity Level of Your Baby May Decline
You should be concerned if the activities or kicks of your baby decline. Although there is no maximum number of kicks a baby should make, they should not be less than five in an hour. Apart from counting the kicks, you can also lie on your side after eating or drinking something cold to see if your baby moves. See your doctor for a confirmation.
1 Early Contractions in the Third Trimester
Contractions or severe pregnancy cramps early in your third trimester should be a matter or concern. If they happen before you have reached the 37th week of your pregnancy, they could mean pre-term labor. They can be regular. You may have vaginal pressure and discharge, an urge to urinate frequently, fluid leaking from the vagina, and lower back pain.