Deciding upon the perfect match can be no easy task for any woman, regardless of any past experience or future expectations. Choosing one person to live with for the rest of one’s life, through the good and bad, sickness and health, can be quite a task. Loving someone and choosing him to be the one companion in life means accepting that person for just what he is, the good and the bad, and even the horrible. The little annoying habits, the morning grumpiness, etc., are all to become parts of the daily life that will be shared among the couple. When it comes to choosing one person to deal live with for life, how about duplicating that person into mini copies? Well, imagine that!
Recent research and studies have come to show the effect of the genes of the mother and father on their children. Although DNA is shared in exactly equal percentages and the numbers of chromosomes are already determined, being twenty three chromosomes from each parent, scientists say that it is the activity of these genes that vary. The genes of the father, or the paternal genes, are said to be more active than the mother’s genes, or maternal ones. The result of this would be a child that might have the eyes of his mother and his father’s hair, but is in fact genetically closer in traits to his father. The accuracy of this theory can be only shown through which traits are passed on from the father to his children as opposed to those passed down by the mother.
Opposite to what elders used to think back in their days, the sex of the baby is not determined by the mother, and it is not her body that is flawed if all her kids turn out to be just boys or just girls. As recent studies have shown, the gender of the baby is determined by the combination that the sperm and the egg make together at the end of the process of fertilization. The chromosome that the mother offers is the same every time, while it is the father’s chromosome that differs.
Sperm can carry an X or Y gene; meaning that an X chromosome combined with the X already offered by the mother would yield a baby girl. While if the sperm carries the Y chromosome, the combination would end up looking as such, XY, yielding a baby boy. The sperm of the father that is the fastest and most efficient in doing its job would be able to fertilize the awaiting egg first, having the baby’s gender determined according to nature’s formula.
14Y Linkage: Psychological Disorders
The chromosome donated by the father in the process of fertilization is either an X or a Y chromosome that will decide the gender of the baby. If the chromosome passed is a Y chromosome, then the child awaited would be a boy, resulting in a unique genetic relationship between the father and the son known as the Y Linkage. This is the name used to refer to the relationship and interactions between the genes of the father and his son’s.
An example of a disorder most likely to be passed down from the father’s side is the psychological disorders similar to bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. The occurrence of these disorders are shown to be related to the levels of melatonin, which is the product of the workings of an enzyme known as N-Acetylserotonin O-methyltransferase. The levels of melatonin produced is used as a sign for determining the deficiency or addition of this enzyme.
In genetics, traits are categorized into two types: dominant and recessive. The dominant traits are those that are the strongest and will most likely be transferred to the child. Recessive traits are those that are weaker than the dominant ones, and will remain present in the genes of the child, but without on the surface. These traits include eye color, hair, height, and almost all of the physical appearance traits.
The eye color of both parents and the combination they make contribute to the final result of the child’s eye color. For example, if the mother has brown eyes while the father has brown eyes, too, then the child would have brown eyes with no doubt. However, if the father has brown eyes while the mother has blue or green eyes, then the child would most likely have the eyes of his/her father, and carry the trait of the dominant brown eye color. However, the child will still carry the gene from his mother, which could result in a child with light eyes down the line.
Going back to the case of the combination of the dominant versus recessive war, the outcome would also apply to the texture of the hair of the child. If the mother has wavy or naturally straight hair, and the father happens to have some wild curls, then the child would most likely follow in the father’s footsteps and come out carrying the same curls that the father had been given. In this case, the gene of the curly hair is the dominant gene over the other two genes of wavy and straight hair.
The same would apply for the all too common case of baldness. If the father tends to have a head rather full of hair, thick and big, while the mother has thinner hair, then the father would be the winner once again. The trait of hair that is carried by the genes prefers the thick hair gene over the gene of baldness, which would at most times be passed down from one or both sides of the family.
Now, ladies, if you do enjoy those God given full, broad lips that almost every woman on the face of the earth wishes for, your children might still have a chance for that. If the father tends to have broader, fuller lips than the mother does, then the children would most likely follow the father’s shape of lips. Even though the mother may not enjoy it herself, her children would still be thankful for the beauty of the lips that they have been endowed with.
Again, the plumpness of the lips and their shape act as a dominant feature in the case of the two extremes colliding. That drawing of the perfect, luscious lips might be enjoyed by the girls later on in the future if the father tends to have them running in the family. So relax, the kids won’t be as angry as one would think, for they would still get the best of both worlds.
Every woman wishes at some point of her life for a cute pair of dimples that would just add all the cuteness and sexiness in the world to her already beautiful face. But, hey, not everyone is as lucky in life. Dimples can be one sided or two sided, depending on the structure of the muscles in the face and how the overall combination of muscle and bone turns out. But, in fact, dimples are scientifically categorized as a type of facial deformity.
Dimples are adorable and always desirable for women to have and to look at as well. Women just generally swoon over any guy with a dimple or two, no questions asked. The good news is dimples are the dominant traits in the genetics passed on to children. So chances are, if the father has a dimple, then the kids will too. Let’s face it, dimples and babies? Irresistible.
9A Cleft Chin
Speaking of dimples, the cheeks are not the only place where one can be lucky to get them. A dimple on the chin is known as a cleft chin, and it is a rather dominant feature of facial muscle and structure. It is also known as a “butt chin” for some people, getting the name from the Y shaped indentation in the middle of the chin. A cleft chin is caused when, during fetal development, the two down sides of the jaw do not fuse together as they normally would, causing that distinctive shape of jaw.
The formation of a cleft chin could run in whole families that carry the same gene and keep on passing it down to the children and the children of their children endlessly. The possibility of this shape of jaw running through generations is supported by the assumption that not only the father has it, but the mother too. If that would be the case, then the child’s possibility of getting a cleft chin would be 100 percent.
8A Clubbed Thumb
A clubbed thumb is a situation that is not dangerous to the health of the individual, and does affect the efficiency of the use of one or both thumbs in the case of its presence. It is merely a matter of an odd look to the thumb that has the last upper bone of the thumb slightly shorter than ordinary. This would cause the thumb to look a bit flattened from the top, with the nail looking wider and shorter than the other nails.
A stubby thumb, or the murderer’s thumb as some call it, occurs in about 0.04 percent of people with white skin and in around 0.01 percent of people with dark skin. In most cases, a clubbed thumb appears in only one thumb, one hand that is. While in more rare situations, it tends to appear bilaterally, that is in both thumbs. It is a dominant trait that would most likely be transferred to kids from their father if he happens to be carrying the genes for it.
Deformities in the structure of the bones and muscles that cause curled toes are congenital, meaning that it is inherited from the parents.Through early childhood the deformity is mostly cosmetic and doesn’t cause harm or pain for the child. However, as the person becomes older the muscles and joints become more fixed and eventually may require surgery to allow for more normal movement.
This happens to be a dominant trait in the genes of the child, so if one parent carries it, the child would most likely have it too. For example, if the father has a case of curled toes but the mother does not, the child can be expected to have the same situation going on with his/her feet as the father’s. Of course, just as in the case of the clubbed thumb, this can happen to one or both feet, to one or more of the kids of the same couple.
Children, especially boys, are affected by the way their fathers act and try to imitate their way of doing things down to the smallest details. One of these habits happens to be related to the eating habits of the children and the foods they prefer or hate to eat. In recent studies, kids of different ages were found to eat as many times in a day as their fathers do, be it a good thing or a bad thing. Also, if fathers prefer to eat fast food, kids have also shown a tendency for preferring that kind of food, too.
This should act as a wake-up call to fathers with bad eating habits, knowing that the health of their children will mostly depend on the habits they grow up with throughout their first years of life. Kids are much more affected by junk food and its bad effects than adults are, especially as they do not understand the of good nutrition.
Although smoking is not restricted to men, women are generally more aware of the dangers of smoking on their bodies and health. Men tend to smoke and drink more often than women do as a way of relieving the stress they might be facing at work or at home after a long day. They usually do not think much of it if they smoke in front of their kids at home, transferring the negative effects of smoking onto the child, the emotional, as well as the physical.
Women are more cautious around their kids regarding the behaviors they express, especially these bad habits. Even if a mother smokes, she may usually be found not smoking with her children in the room around her. Children growing up with parents who are smokers have a high probability of turning out to be smokers as well. So next time a parent holds up that cigarette, he/she should think of their children and the toll of such behavior on them.
Another one of the bad habits that parents in general, and fathers more specifically, tend to pass on to their children without even noticing is the habit of being stressed out, with or without a valid reason. Fathers often face the outside world more than mothers do, being exposed every day to the traffic jams on the road, their angry bosses, horrible colleagues, and endless hours of work. Therefore, they tend to experience a greater deal of frustration and stress that is often internalized or expressed in non-constructive ways.
If the child is used to being around a father who is often is screaming or yelling about the smallest of things, then the child would also start to adopt such behavior, thinking that it is the natural way thing to do. After all, kids tend to act as their parents do without understanding why they do it. If the child starts at any point to show signs of anger or fits of unexplained rage, then that might be an issue that needs to be solved sooner better than later.
Children nowadays have started to use technology in all its forms by a relatively young age. Children at the age of two, three, or four years of age could be professionals at using computers, tablets, mobile phones, or the like. If the parents tend to go around most of the day with their phones in hand, checking one app or the other, then the children are most likely to follow suit.
Fathers tend to face the pressure of work in the office or at home, and are obliged most of the time to stray away from family gatherings to make a phone call related to work or to check an email or two. If this becomes a habit, the children might learn to pick it up as well. This could go from babies picking up their toy phones and being all cute while “on the phone” to actually forgetting all about that football waiting outside for the sake of playing a video game.
Children who turn out to be athletes later on in their future will mostly likely be coming from athletic families. If the parents encourage going out into the open and doing multiple activities such as hiking or playing family soccer, the children would grow into it and learn to incorporate such activities into their daily lives. This obviously will have a huge impact on their health and well-being, considering all the unhealthy foods children eat a lot of the time.
On average, mothers are not the ones who dream about playing catch with their kids in the back yard. This usually lands with the father and it’s the dad who is often the more athletic one in the family. Because of this, fathers are the ones coaching the little league baseball or soccer team. They are the ones with much of the responsibility of growing the spirit of competition and sportsmanship into the minds and hearts of their children, starting at a very young age.
1Respect For Others
Boys at a very young age tend to want to imitate their fathers and what they do, in order to become more like them in the future. This can place a lot of pressure on the shoulders of fathers as to being the best role model there could ever be. New dads often try to follow in the footsteps of their own fathers as they still remember what it was like to want to be like dad in every single detail of every day.
Hence, being loving and caring to the child himself, as well as the mother and other members of the family would encourage the child to act likewise. Instead of acting in an aggressive way, they might learn to be more tender and caring for the people around them. This would affect their personality and the way they treat people in their young years, as well as later on in life. Teaching a child to respect his mother and sisters will have a huge impact on reducing the cases on women abuse in the future.
Sources: JMG.BMJ.com, Blinn.edu, ABCNews.com, Healthline.com, PodiatryNetwork.com, BrightHub.com
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