Most of these women start counting down the days until the end of the first trimester and the beginning of the second, in the hope of everything subsiding and life might become better again. Unfortunately, many pregnant women still continue to have a rough time not only in the second trimester but throughout the rest of the pregnancy.
And, that is the exception, not the rule. That is why the second trimester is referred to as the honeymoon period during the pregnancy. Since the first trimester technically ends at the end of the 12th week, this is the time that proper changes and plans should start being made during the second trimester.
These changes are important to make since the unborn baby is going to be growing at a very fast pace at this point. Therefore mom has to make sure that she is taking proper care of herself, which means her unborn baby will be properly cared for as well. Let's take a look at 20 of the changes that need to be made by the 12th week of pregnancy.
20 Buy Maternity Clothes
When entering the 12th week, you are most certainly going to be noticing that you are getting bigger. According to Healthline, this is definitely the time when the uterus expansion will be not only noticeable by others in most cases but you will find at this point your pre-pregnancy clothes are going to start feeling pretty snug.
With that being said, due to the fact that the uterus is really expanding and that your abdomen is getting bigger, this is the time to go maternity clothes shopping.
If money is tight, you can always find something decent at thrift stores so you don't have to worry about the cost of the clothing that you won't be wearing for that long hurting your wallet!
19 Don't Give Up On Prenatal Vitamins
Back in the day, women were told to that it was no longer necessary to keep taking prenatal vitamins once the 12th-week hits. However, according to Healthline, the time to stop taking your prenatal pills is definitely not in the second trimester or the third trimester.
You must keep taking them throughout your entire pregnancy.
In fact, if you are planning to breastfeed, then some medical professionals may recommend that you keep taking them as well. That said, the only thing to change when you hit your 12th week in this regard is your mind about stopping to take these important vitamins.
18 Get Itch-Relieving Lotion
When you are in your 12th week, you will be stretching quite a bit as your uterus keeps growing. That means in addition for having to look into buying maternity clothing, you will want to start stocking up on itch-relieving cream.
That is because, according to Healthline, around this time is when you will start getting itchy and it is due to hormones and your skin that it stretchy.
You can go to your pharmacy and look for a good-quality itch-relieving lotion, or your health food store may carry something good for this purpose. You can also look online for DIY itch-relieving creams as well if you are the DIY type!
17 Eat More Healthy Foods
As your appetite is likely starting to improve at this point, you are going to want to make sure that you also start eating more.
But don't take that eating for two saying literally.
According to Healthline, once you hit your second trimester, you will need to add another 300 calories to your daily intake.
And, you will want to make sure that the extra 300 calories worth of food that you are going to be consuming are healthy foods that are meant to nourish you and your developing baby.
That would include low-fat forms of protein, fruits, vegetables, and fiber. And, that also means don't go to the convenience store to buy 300 calories worth of junk food- which won't be much by the time you estimate what 300 calories of that would be anyway.
16 Drink More Water
By the time you are getting ready to enter your second trimester, your blood supply will keep increasing and that means you will need to stay even more hydrated than before.
According to Healthline, your blood pressure will drop otherwise, and you will end up finding yourself getting dizzier.
The best way to help keep things flowing properly is to increase your water intake. And if you have a difficult time drinking a lot of water, then get yourself some adorable bottle waters that you will not be able to resist. Then, keep refilling those bottles of good-quality and fresh H2O.
15 Prepare To Have More Visits To Your OBGYN
Before you hit your 12th week, you may have only seen your OBGYN once or you haven't been referred to one by your doctor until recently. Either way, you will need to clear time out of your schedule each month to start seeing your OBGYN more often.
As it was stated in an article on the Healthline website, in the second trimester is when you will have to have more blood work, and at least one more ultrasound.
If you are pregnant with twins, you will end up having to have many ultrasounds in the foreseeable future as well. In other words, you will need to start making time to see your OBGYN a lot more.
14 Visit Your Dentist
Who enjoys going to the dentist? Unfortunately, sometime during your second trimester, you are going to have to see your dentist. That means this is the time to make an appointment. According to Healthline, it is imperative that your gums and teeth are kept clean and healthy.
Otherwise, if you have gum disease due to poor dental hygiene, that can lead to premature labor according to the same source. That means it is time to take the plunge and make an appointment with your dentist to get a cleaning.
If you don't, you will regret it if you find that later in your pregnancy that your gums are bleeding and are sore. And by the way, it is not unusual for your gums to bleed due to the increased blood flow and hormones. But you want to make sure that your teeth and gums are healthy.
13 Do Kegel Exercises
Your first trimester is coming to an end, and this means that D-day or the big delivery day is that much closer. By the 12th week, you will want to make sure that you start preparing yourself for labor.
Therefore, according to Healthline, a good way to do that is to start doing Kegel exercises regularly.
These are exercises that require you to work out your pelvic floor. This is the time to start doing that and you can always read up on how to do it if you are unsure. But you will want to do what you can to keep your strength up- especially for the big day!
12 Plan Out The Nursery
Have you thought about where you plan to put your baby in your house or apartment? This is the time to start setting out a room or a place for the baby in your home, according to Healthline.
Again, the big day is not all that far off from your 12th week if you look at the big picture.
If you are planning to not rush into putting your baby into a nursery and want to co-sleep, then that is something to plan out now as well. Either way, you need to start planning for where your baby will be spending most of their time sleeping.
11 Make Arrangements To Tour The Hospital
Chances are at this point, you already know which hospital you are planning to go to give birth - if you have decided that you don't want to give birth at home that is.
According to Healthline, it is a good idea once you are in your second trimester to make an arrangement to tour the maternity ward at your chosen hospital.
This way, you will have a good idea of what to expect while you are staying at the hospital, and what your expectations of being there would be. This way, you will not be as shocked by your birth experience if you are giving birth for the first time.
10 Keep Educating Yourself With Online Research
Chances are you have probably done some research of your own online about how to ensure that you have a good pregnancy. There is only so much of that you can control but I am talking about by taking action on anything that you can control like avoiding forbidden foods and drinks and only sticking to healthy options.
If you have not done much research on learning about how to be the best you can be during your pregnancy, then this is the time to start.
According to Healthline, you really will also want to research what you will need to purchase before giving birth, and learning about newborns in general. Even though nothing prepares you for being a parent, having a little knowledge is better than not having any at all.
9 Plan On Taking Important Classes
You probably are wondering when you should arrange for enrolling yourself into your local Lamaze class. By the 12th week, you should be starting to look around for a local class where you and your partner can go to.
However, according to Healthline, don't only plan for going to a Lamaze class. You should also look into taking parenting, first aid, and infant CPR classes.
If you are planning to breastfeed, then you will want to look into those classes as well at this point in your pregnancy. You don't need to actually take these classes yet but it is the time to start enrolling yourself and your partner.
8 Get Plenty Of Tissue
Be prepared to start facing congestion. According to WhatToExpect, you will be having to blow your nose a lot more often in the second trimester due to the fact that the hormones are the cause for the increased blood flow.
You may even be surprised to learn from your partner that you are starting to snore as a result. The good news is that there are many pregnancy-safe OTC medications that you could get to help relieve your congestion if you feel it is necessary.
But either way, you will need plenty of tissue to have on hand because you never know when you will have to suddenly blow your nose!
7 Start Sleeping On Your Side
Even though you can still sleep on your tummy during your 12th week, very soon you won't be able to because you will just keep getting bigger for the next six months or so.
According to WhatToExpect, it is a great idea to start getting used to sleeping on your side at the beginning of your second trimester. This way, you will find that it won't be uncomfortable for you to do when you really will not be able to sleep in any other position!
In fact, is it is extremely important that you do in order for the circulation to keep going as that is crucial for your health and the health and development of your unborn baby.
6 Get A Maternity Bra
Just as it is important to start looking into maternity clothes at this point, that will also include getting a new bra. Like WhatToExpect states, that your breast size will just keep expanding along with the rest of you! Therefore, you will need to get a new set of bras.
If you don't want to spend too much on maternity bras, then you may be able to get away with just purchasing a bra extender for the time being. However, even after doing that, and you find that you are just getting too big in that area- then you definitely need to invest in a maternity bra.
5 Start Tracking The Pregnancy Pounds
As your appetite starts to increase by this time in your pregnancy, you now need to start being very mindful of the weight that you gain during the rest of your pregnancy.
Like it was suggested in WhatToExpect, your weight will be monitored carefully once you start regularly going for your OBGYN visits.
If you are gaining weight too rapidly, and you are not eating more than an excess of 300 calories per day as it is suggested at this point, then that would be concerning as that could be a sign of a complication like preeclampsia which does not usually show up until later.
However, that is just one example of why you need to start tracking your weight at this point, once a week.
4 Consider Taking A Babymoon
At this point, first-trimester nausea and fatigue should be better, and you are entering a time during your pregnancy where you will still have enough energy to enjoy activities.
That means, according to WhatToExpect, this is a time to plan a babymoon if you choose to make the most of your time during your pregnancy to travel somewhere fun.
The time to do that is before you are close to your third trimester, so you have the energy to explore and also this way, you will not have to worry about giving birth on the plane! That is every traveling mama-to-be's nightmare!
3 Make Prenatal Workouts Part Of Your Routine
Back decades ago and even before that, pregnant women were told not to exercise because it was considered to be bad for the baby. However, it is a known fact that exercise during pregnancy is not only safe but is recommended.
According to WhatToExpect, exercising is highly beneficial for mom and the unborn baby.
The 12th week is the time to start looking around for pregnancy-friendly exercise programs to get involved in. It was already mentioned that doing the Kegels is essential to start doing to prepare yourself for the big day. The same goes for doing any kind of pregnancy-friendly exercises. It will keep you and your unborn baby strong and in shape!
2 Get Plenty Of Magnesium, Iron And Magnesium
As your unborn baby continues to develop and grow, that means you will be producing more blood. This is also why at this point it is essential to make sure that you increase your calcium, magnesium, and iron intake.
According to Maternity At Home, mom needs more calcium to make sure that her bone strength is kept high as the baby will keep drawing calcium from mom. And, that means that osteoporosis is a strong possibility if mom does not get extra calcium.
Iron is needed as well to prevent anemia due to the increased blood production, and magnesium prevents deficiencies which can be serious. If mom is getting plenty of leg cramps later on during the pregnancy, that is a sign that it is due to magnesium deficiency according to the same source!
1 Expect Your Drive To Come Back
During the first trimester, you would not have been in the mood to have fun with your partner since you were dealing with fatigue, nausea, and you also had no drive regardless.
However, according to Maternity At Home, by the 12th week, the drive starts to return. That is due to all of the hormonal changes happening, and an increase in estrogen production.
Therefore, you will find that you can start making time to have a fun time with your partner in bed, and you can keep enjoying that time until the very end of the pregnancy- unless you want to use that fun time to help bring on labor at that point!
References: Healthline.com, WhatToExpect.com, Maternityathome.com