The first trimester can zip by in a flurry of uncertainty and surprise if moms are late discovering they are pregnant until well into the first trimester. Or it can be an endless fog of interminable nausea and tiredness if early symptoms have appeared.
Either way, it is an emotional and physical shift to become pregnant and most of the first trimester is often characterized by mom coming to terms with the fact that she's pregnant and researching everything she can on the subject. By the second trimester, moms feel armed with knowledge. Hopefully, they feel better and can carry that bump with pride and start looking forward to the birth.
From week thirteen to week twenty-eight, moms are in the second trimester of pregnancy. This period is often referred to as the honeymoon, as it is often the most pleasant of the three trimesters. Many of the worries and shocks of the first trimester give way to feelings of energy and excitement as well as to embrace the changes that pregnancy brings.
Most women get a chance to see their baby on a sonogram by this time and they are able to hear the baby’s heartbeat regularly at routine check-ups. The baby grows rapidly during this time and it is essential that moms-to-be focus on eating the right nutrition to build the baby up, reminds Healthy Families BC.
The first trimester of pregnancy is notorious for a change in hormones and a feeling of sickness and debilitating tiredness, as Bounty reminds us. The whole concept of being pregnant is a shock to the system and fluctuating hormones flow through a woman’s body with no warning.
By the second trimester, things should have calmed down a bit. The ‘blooming’ phase is nigh. There is a chance to enjoy pregnancy for most lucky women. The bump is forming, the sonogram is done, there is a chance to start looking forward to the baby. Mom is safe in the knowledge that she has long enough to go to not fear the birth too much, and enough time has gone to stop being so anxious about miscarriage.
For many women, the second trimester is a chance to focus on nutrition, well-being and starting to get really excited about becoming a mother.
Some moms-to-be can get away with normal pre-pregnancy clothes up until the end of the first trimester. There might be a bit of tightness around the waistline, but often an elastic waist or an unbuttoned fly can see moms through.
By the second trimester, the baby has grown big enough to lessen the chance to hide the bump. Maternity clothes became imperative and most pre-pregnancy clothes won’t fit anymore. The good news is that there are some decent retailers out there that sell smart and casual maternity pieces that look good, notes Her Haleness.
There is plenty of fun to be had with maternity wear as well, so this can be a time to show off and enjoy the bump and to stop worrying about the size of our waistline.
That bump is growing as the baby gains in size and weight. By the second trimester, the tell-tale tummy is starting to protrude to the extent that it is hard to hide it. This is often a time of great joy and pride for women but sometimes can cause worry if their workplace is not aware of their pregnancy, for example.
Once the bump is obvious is the time to come clean about the truth and tell those who will be affected. The worry of keeping it secret is stressful for the mom-to-be and this isn’t great for her pregnancy.
Being armed with the facts about work entitlements is important and bosses should be approached with knowledge on board, suggests Mumsnet. The baby will grow rapidly the second trimester if all is well and there will soon be no chance of hiding the truth!
Expectant moms know the dangers of keeping up certain lifestyles and many try hard to give it up. The toxins in cigarettes are harmful to mother and baby and health professionals recommend that women give it up completely when pregnant or breastfeeding. It is not a sensible idea to have it around a baby either, so the sooner a mom to be can give it up the better the outcome for mom and baby.
Halting on puffing gives a mother and baby a better chance of a healthy pregnancy and birth. Carbon monoxide and other harmful gases can pass from mom to baby and cause breathing issues as a result of lung development being impeded. Babies are more likely to be born a smaller size or to be born prematurely, reminds the NHS.
By the start of the second trimester, most moms in the western world have had the chance to see their developing baby on a sonogram and have an idea of what the baby looks like. Most health authorities offer an anomaly sonogram at twenty weeks to pick up any issues that need further investigation.
Of course, it is possible to pay for private sonograms, some in 3D that offer more detailed photographs and videos of how the baby looks in the womb. Wisegeek affirms that sonograms are a low-risk procedure and most parents are delighted to have the opportunity to see what the baby is doing and to ensure that all is well with their development.
One of the common downsides of pregnancy, as it develops, is edema or water retention, which often affects the ankles. The cause of excess fluid is the needs of the developing baby. Pregnancy causes the body to produce around 50 percent more fluid than normal. Excess fluid gathers in cells and this congregates in the ankles, causing them to swell, explains American Pregnancy.
This means that ankles and feet can swell and make shoes difficult to wear. Some women find that their foot size increases in pregnancy and then returns to normal after the baby is born. Loose fitting shoes or those with laces to fasten them are a sensible option, as they can be loosened if needed.
Even though many women sail through the initial stages of pregnancy, by the second trimester, all women are going to realize that they are finding some other symptoms of pregnancy apparent. Even if it is only the growing waistline, the baby is making its presence felt and often in unpleasant ways, reminds Mayo Clinic.
Apart from the initial tiredness and sickness, multiple hormones are flowing through the mom’s body. These hormones cause changes that are impossible to ignore. The need to urinate is a common symptom that often interrupts any sleep one may be getting. Water retention, swelling and aching joints, and ligaments can cause discomfort, particularly in the back. Whatever symptoms are occurring, the baby is sure to make its presence known in the second trimester.
Once the pregnancy is confirmed, it is wise to visit a health care provider. This will motivate moms-to-be to further check-up to ensure that all is well with the pregnancy and baby. Sonograms are often available and they are important to ensure that growth and development are happening normally, points out Consumer HealthDay.
By the second trimester, you should be well aware that you are pregnant, even if it has taken a few weeks to confirm it. You should make your health provider aware and then attend regular appointments throughout your pregnancy. There are life-threatening illnesses that can occur during pregnancy, and regular blood and urine checks with a midwife or OBGYN will detect these early enough to get prompt treatment.
By the second trimester, women can no longer charge around as they would have done before pregnancy. Women often feel a need to take things more slowly and pregnant bodies will be grateful for that. By the second trimester, pregnant bodies will be producing hormones that will cause effects on the body that are hard to ignore.
Digestive issues might cause heartburn or hemorrhoids and constipation. Stretch marks or varicose veins may have developed and moms need to rest more, reminds Just Mommies. Moms might find they are afflicted by headaches or aches in their joints and ligaments. There are various symptoms of pregnancy, most completely normal, but it is important to keep healthcare providers informed so that any concerns can be addressed.
Baby brain and pregnancy forgetfulness are not a myth. Over half of women suffer from some form of memory loss or short-term forgetfulness and find themselves mislaying things or missing appointments. This is all completely normal, and while it is irritating, it is a part of pregnancy caused by those pesky hormones.
Women often become more sensitive and emotional and can find it hard to perform tasks that would have posed no problem outside of pregnancy. According to The Telegraph, there is scientific evidence that ‘baby brain’ is a medical condition. Part of this condition relates to the brain adapting to pregnancy in preparation to bond with the baby at birth.
If it is going to happen, most women will lose the baby during the first trimester. This is a distressing and misunderstood situation that affects many women and can be repeated time and again.
However, after the first trimester, it is much less common, so some measure of reassurance can be taken on this front. Only twenty percent of miscarriages happen after the first trimester.
Although many women wear underwire bras before pregnancy, Marks and Spencer recommend that non-wired bras are worn as soon as a woman finds out they are pregnant. This is because the wiring can dig into breast tissue and could harm milk ducts.
While pregnancy bras are not usually pretty or glamorous, they are comfortable and fit the purpose. There are also sleeping bras available for those women that find their breasts are getting uncomfortable during the night. Breasts can be sore during pregnancy and supporting them with a comfortable, flexible bra can help this situation and provide support.
The pregnant body is working really hard to grow and nurture a baby. It is important for moms to rest and look after themselves as much as possible, and this is true in the second trimester when the body is really starting to show the signs of pregnancy. It is important to give the body the rest it needs to maintain enough energy to keep going while growing the baby as well.
Moms may find that they have more energy in the second trimester than in the first or third. This is a great opportunity to start planning for the baby, but it is important for women to take it easy when tired. The baby is still growing fast so the body is putting a lot of effort in. In fact, according to Pampers, the baby goes from the size of a nectarine to the size of a cauliflower during this trimester.
As the body produces so much more liquid during pregnancy, it is important to replenish this by drinking plenty of water. Drinking water will also help with any digestive issues brought on by hormonal changes.
Hopefully, most women will also have stopped feeling so nauseous by the second trimester, so can focus on getting the right nutrition to give the baby the best chance of healthy development. Moms-to-be who have a healthy diet are less likely to develop health complications, like preeclampsia or gestational diabetes, according to What to Expect.
It is important to keep the diet rich in fruit and vegetables and lean protein. It is not necessary to consume vast amounts of calories or it can be hard to lose the weight once the baby is born. There are guidelines for foods to avoid during pregnancy that can be obtained from your health professional. The main things to avoid are raw or undercooked meat, shellfish, unpasteurized foods and anything that might contain dirt, such as unwashed vegetables.
It can be very hard work in the first trimester, especially if a mom has felt very unwell and suffered from morning sickness. The second trimester is typically the most comfortable part of pregnancy when the sickness and tiredness are abating and the discomforts of the third trimester haven’t begun.
Some women find they bloom, and their skin and hair look wonderful and they literally ‘glow’ with health. The mom may feel some quickening or kick from the baby, which can be reassuring and a true novelty. While it is important to maintain regular health checks, this is often the best time of a woman’s pregnancy and helps to erase the memories of a difficult first three months, according to Healthline.
By the end of the first trimester, any woman who is in denial about their condition should have had their suspicions confirmed and any doubts should have been well and truly dissipated. The signs are all there and denial needs to be smashed.
The baby needs a healthy intake of vitamins and minerals as well as the nutrition from a healthy diet, so moms-to-be need to start taking their pregnancy seriously and make sure that they are doing all they can to ensure the best outcome for mother and baby. When there are health checks and the heartbeat can be heard or the baby is seen on a sonogram it becomes undeniable, and according to Pregnancy, it makes it very real.
The first trimester can be very draining to a woman’s body. Hormones are slowing everything down and providing less energy, and sickness or nausea may reduce appetite, which doesn’t help when there is a hungry baby on board sapping every ounce of nutrition that is taken in.
By the second trimester, the hormones should have levelled out and things should be a little more stable. Women may find they have some bursts of energy and feel a little more like their old selves. It is important to eat well, drink plenty of water and get some gentle exercise if possible.
Certain hormones will be produced by the body throughout the pregnancy and also while breastfeeding. They are the triggers that the body needs to perform certain functions that are vital to maintaining the pregnancy and ensuring the baby thrives.
However, when a woman is first pregnant in the first trimester, the change in hormones can come as a bit of a shock. While the hormones are still present and being produced during the second trimester, the body has gotten used to them a bit more and the changes should not be so acute.
There will still be mood swings and emotional times, but the most stable time of the pregnancy is found in the middle stretch, according to Intimina. It’s a lovely break for the body and mind in preparation for the birth if a mom is lucky enough to have a blooming second trimester.
Sometimes it can seem that every day there is a new symptom in pregnancy. However, they have to run out at some point! So one day it may be sickness and nausea, the next tiredness and exhaustion. One morning the new discovery might be a linea negra on the stomach, and the next moms might find their breasts have enlarged and become sore.
By the thirteenth week of pregnancy, these new delights should have ceased to be a surprise. The hormone influx that produces so many changes and the increase in weight and movement inside may have ceased to be a concern. There will be less sudden changes from now on- except for that special moment when the unborn baby starts to get so big that moms can feel them move around, reports Amazing Pregnancy.
As pregnancy develops it can be dangerous for moms-to-be to sleep on their backs. Obviously, it is not possible to sleep on your stomach as the bump enlarges, but the optimum position for sleep during and after the second trimester is on the side. It can often be helpful to sleep with a cushion under the bump to support it in bed.
Particularly after sixteen weeks, according to Baby Center it is suggested that moms sleep on their sides. The womb is growing and getting heavier and your growing baby starts to put pressure on the vein in your back that transfers blood to the heart.