Latin America, the Caribbean, South Europe, and China are some of the regions where C-sections have become more common in recent years. Scientists noted that this trend has no signs of slowing down. Even in less affluent countries, where these types of surgeries can bring more complications, they're becoming frequent.
The scientists theorize that the high rate comes with the trend of having an elective C-sections becoming more popular. Women are choosing C-sections over vaginal birth for a number of reasons but likely the high increase is a combination of financial and other technical reasons. Doctors are paid more for C-sections and they are done in about an hour. Doctors make less for a vaginal birth and those can run over 24 hours. In undeveloped countries, these factors can play a huge role where doctors are scarce.
The three studies published to The Lancet last week and revealed this data that notes the high rate of c-sections across the globe. On the negative side, a c-section delivery is riskier than a vaginal delivery. The abdomen is cut open, and organs are even moved, in order to deliver and extract the healthy baby from the uterus.
In some instances, a C-section is a life-saving act for both mother and baby. Medical emergencies, stalled birth, and a breech baby are some reasons why a C-section is preferred. Still, C-sections are a major abdominal surgery and an elected one can increase the risk of death to the mother by 60%. Recovery is long, painful and difficult compared to vaginal births as well.
C-sections are no joke and shouldn't be taken so lightly. In North American, the rate of C-section is quite high at 32 percent. In the Caribbean and Latin America, the rate reaches a global high of 44 percent. The lowest rate of c-sections in the world is in Subsaharan Africa where the rate has been about 5 percent since the year 2000. This low number even remains as C-sections are sometimes needed but are unable to be performed safely and routinely in the region.
To stop the increase of C-sections, doctors would need to be paid equally for both types of births, and women would need more education on the risks of a C-section and the recovery process. Of course, there is absolutely nothing wrong with a C-section delivery as long as it is what is best for mom and baby.
Have you had a C-section? What was the reason? Let us know in the comments!