Women who use Cannabis during pregnancy have an increased chance to have a premature birth.
Cannabis has become increasingly popular among pregnant women in recent years. More and more states are legalizing the use of marijuana and therefore more women have access to the drug. A piece of research showed that pregnant women using marijuana in 2002 compared to 2017 almost doubled! Many pregnant women use marijuana in order to help with aches, pains, stress, anxiety, and even morning sickness. Although many women have used this drug to help them through the uncomfortable moments of pregnancy most admit that they didn't get that advice from their doctor.
The use of marijuana during pregnancy is constantly being studied. The drug hasn't been wildly studied, but the studies that have been conducted have found that cannabis can lead to premature birth. About 6.1 percent of pregnant women give birth before 37 weeks. Twelve percent of women who are smoking marijuana during pregnancy give birth before 37 weeks. That would mean women who are smoking marijuana are twice as likely to have premature births according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Having a premature baby has it's increased risk. Babies who are born before 37 weeks have an increased chance of having underdeveloped lungs and other complications. Smoking marijuana during pregnancy increases women's chance of having serious pregnancy complications such as placenta abruption. Placenta abruption is when the placenta separates from the uterine wall. It may lead to deprivation of the baby’s oxygen and nutrient supply and the mother will most likely experience heavy bleeding.
Experts are suggesting that women do not use cannabis while pregnant. There are many different natural and prescription medicine to help with different ailments during pregnancy that is safe for mother and baby. It is important to avoid the use of marijuana during pregnancy due to the increased risks to the baby. It is especially good for women to not use this drug because experts don' t even know all of the risks associated with the drug.
Dr. Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse said that many people use the drug because they believe that it has no side effects. People loved the idea of thinking that they could take a drug that makes them feel good but has no problems with it. She says, “It’s very appealing to think that a drug that makes us feel great could come with no ill effects." Many pregnant women are using marijuana because they think it is so much better than other things, but they don't understand how many side effects are involved with cannabis. It is also important to note that more studies will come out that will show more and more side effects with the drug. Why even risk it?