Have you been wondering what the birth rate looks like in the United States? If not, that's okay- it's not a thought that comes up often. But if so, you're in luck!
A new report from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics showed that 3 791 712 registered births took place in 2018. This is down just two percent from 2017. This means that 2018's birth rate has reached the lowest level in over three decades. It's important to note that the birth rate is how many children women have in a year.
Also, the report showed that 2018's fertility rate 1729.5 births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44. Unlike the birth rate, the fertility rate refers to how many children women have overall. While all of this is interesting, it might not be the best of news.
That's because, according to experts, Americans aren't having enough babies to properly sustain the country's population. In order to do exactly that, the CDC says that there needs to be 2100 births per 1000 women. This means that every woman needs to have at least two kids to replace mothers, fathers and extra deaths. That's a lot of babies!
It's worth noting the remaining data that came from this report. The teen birth rate (which looks at girls between 15 to 19) went from 18.8 births per 1000 women in 2017 to 17.4 births per 1000 the following year. That's a seven percent decrease. The birth rates for women in their 20s and early 30s also went down, yet birth rates increased a little for women between the ages of 35 to 44.
In addition to the age-related statistics, there were more that concerned different matters. 6.5 percent of women who gave birth were smokers in 2018, which is a six percent decline from 2017. This trend was particularly noted among black women, Hispanic women, and white women. Finally, fewer babies are being born via C-section, with the rate going from 32 percent to 31.9 percent in 2018.
With all things considered, it's hard to know what the birth rate will look like in 2019 for the U.S. Will this rate continue to decrease, or will it end up increasing instead? Only time will tell.