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Knowing How Much Bleeding Is Normal During Pregnancy Is Important

Finding bloodstains on your underwear during pregnancy can freak you out, but at times, a little bleeding should not be a concern. However, to understand the passable quantity and quality of bleeding in your case, you should consult your healthcare provider the moment you find any signs of spotting.

According to the NHS, the first trimester (which is usually the first 12 weeks of pregnancy) is the time when the developing baby plants itself on the walls of your womb. During this stage, you might experience some light bleeding, known as spotting. This is particularly common around your period’s due date and also after having intercourse. It is typically pinkish or sometimes brown, but not sufficient enough to soak through a pad or underwear.

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Cervical changes during pregnancy can also cause spotting. In these cases, the spotting mostly lasts for a day or two.

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While the types of bleeding explained above doesn't indicate a miscarriage, heavy bleeding might. Bleeding that is heavy enough to soak through your underwear, is accompanied by cramps, and lasts for more than an hour may be cause for concern. In these situations, expectant mothers should consult with their medical practitioner immediately.

When a pregnancy ends before the 24th week, it's called a miscarriage. Unfortunately, this affects around 20% of pregnant women. In most cases, it has nothing to do with the mother’s activities but is because of a development issue of the baby. When a baby doesn’t have sufficient chromosomes- aka. the genetic 'building blocks'- it will not develop properly, thus causing miscarriage.

Miscarriages can also be caused due to problems with the placenta, long-term health conditions in the expectant mother, infection, issues with womb structure, or also a weakened cervix.

Signs of a miscarriage include:

  • Bleeding, including blood clots
  • Fluid discharge from the vagina
  • Discharge of tissue from the vagina

In some cases, pregnant women do not experience any of the above symptoms – on the contrary, their usual pregnancy symptoms simply stop.

When the fertilized egg implants on the outer walls of your womb, generally in the fallopian tube, it is known as ectopic pregnancy. This can also cause bleeding and can be fatal. It must often be removed either through surgery or medication. Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy generally start between four and 12 weeks.

Along with bleeding, other signs include:

  • Tummy pain low down on one side
  • Pain on the shoulder tip
  • Uneasiness while using the washroom
  • Vaginal bleeding or a brown, watery discharge
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The texture of blood during a miscarriage can be anything from pink and red to brown or near-black. When blood is fresh and leaves your body quickly, it is red. However, if it stays in the uterus for an extended period, it becomes brown or blackish red. Experts say bleeding may start as light spotting or as a sudden gush of blood. In any case, remember that it doesn't always indicate a miscarriage, and many women experience it. Relax! And consult your doctor for a healthy and safe pregnancy.

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